Macronutrients are energy substance that allows the body to function and survive. It has the macronutrients that provide energy and the macronutrients that do not. Nutrients are important to the body and knowing more will be beneficial in both the short and long term. It is present in every food in small and large amounts, divided into three which are the fats, protein, and carbs. As these macronutrients provide energy in the form of calories. This means that for every macronutrient there is a gram per calorie associated.
What are the Macronutrients that Don’t Provide Energy?
These are substances that contribute to the body in a different way. They don’t add energy or calories to be burned but are important to the body too as they perform a different function. Here are the macronutrients that don’t provide energy:
- Water: this is the most essential and basic substance of all living things. This is very important as it plays an important role in the absorption of these nutrients. This is clear, tasteless, and odorless that can be found everywhere. Drinking water can soothe dryness and provide a great feeling for the body.
- Fiber: this is one of the essential nutrients that the body needs. It helps the body with the digestion, although it is a carbohydrate it can’t be digested. This aid the reduction and prevention of certain conditions like diabetes and heart disease to name a few.
- Antioxidants: this nutrient substance helps in preventing and delaying cell damages. It neutralizes free radicals, which are cell waste substances from the environment and food processed. They harm cells and body function. Antioxidant combats this free-radicals to achieve better good health.
What are the Macronutrients that Provide Energy?
These type of Macronutrients are the ones that produce and exude energy to the body. They are important because they are the fuel that energizes the activities of the muscles and brain. Here are the main macronutrient groups:
Carbohydrates are the nutrient that provides or is the main source of energy for the body. Called carbohydrates because of its chemical content of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The process works as the carbs go in it then gets metabolized, broken down into glucose and use it as the body’s main fuel. As these are the sugars, starches, and digestible fiber sourced from fruits, grains, and vegetables.
To function properly the body needs carbohydrates. The brain, kidneys, muscles, and heart needs the energy coming from carbohydrates. It serves as the fuel to the central nervous system and makes the muscles function.
Samples of Carbohydrates
- Rice: this is a great source of carbohydrates as rice turns into glucose and provide energy for the body.
- Potato: potatoes are a good source for carbs, as they are starchy vegetables and has a high glycemic index (GI).
- Corn: corn is another good source of carbs. It contains more carbohydrates than it’s counterpart vegetables like broccoli and Brussels sprouts.
Proteins are composed of many building blocks called amino acids. It helps the body grow, repair body tissues, and perform daily functions. Plus, it makes enzymes, hormones, and other body chemicals. This process starts with proteins broken into enzymes and turn into amino acids. These amino acids then pass through the gut and bloodstream to stimulate new proteins in the muscles. This repair and restore the damaged muscle fibers which allow it to sustain and expand. Protein can be found in foods like meats, seafood, eggs, nuts, and beans to name a few.
Samples of Protein
- Eggs: eggs are a good source of high-quality protein. This food is easy to make, very handy, and effective in building bones and muscles. The egg white contains the protein while the egg yolks have mixed nutrients.
- Beans: beans are protein-rich foods. They have many types with different amounts of protein content. Soybeans have the highest protein content among the beans.
- Meat: meat is the best food to get quality and high protein. From food sources like fish, chicken, and beef it offers essential amino acids that the body requires to build proteins.
Fats are an important food group that makes our body healthy. It adds to the weight gain of the body, has higher energy content, and insulate the body. Fats have many types from unsaturated, saturated, and trans fats to name some. It is a concentrated source of energy. It is high in calories that’s why it is used by some as their primary source of fuel in their diet. One gram of fat is double than the combined one gram of carbohydrate and protein.
Samples of Fat
- Avocados: avocados are a great source of fat, unlike other fruits. It is also higher than other animal foods in terms with fat, as it has a composition of 77 percent fat content.
- Nuts: nuts are a good source of fat. It contains 80 percent fat in its composition and most of this fat is healthy fats as it has unsaturated fats or good fats.
- Whole eggs: eggs are very nutritious and a good source for fat. The yolk of the egg contains high cholesterol and fat.
Effects of Macronutrients to the body
Macronutrients provide the body with many benefits. But not everything is healthy. Too much of something is bad for the health. Having a balanced food intake of these macronutrients will keep the body in check and in good health. Each macronutrient plays different roles and adds value in these areas to keep the body healthy.
Carbohydrates are an energy provider. It also improves the heart and the digestive health of the body. Meanwhile, protein helps build strong muscles and support tissue replenishment. It also creates enzymes and hormones that make the body healthy. And lastly, fats help make and sustain tissues and cells healthy. It also makes sure that the brain functions well and encourage the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
In being healthy it is important to know what the macronutrients are, especially when planning to be on a diet. Understanding where the nutrition is sourced is a good way to know what are we taking and also know the expectations ones we take them.