Nosebleeds are rarely serious. But if you have them frequently, it could be a sign of a serious condition.
In this article, we’re sharing with you the most common causes of nosebleeds, including tips on how to stop them.
Causes of Nosebleeds
When we get nosebleeds, sometimes the cause is obvious like hard contact with something like a baseball, door, or wall. In other cases, the cause of the nosebleed is less clear. Here are some of the main possible causes:
1. Broken Nose
This involves a crack in the nose’s bone or cartilage. A bleeding nose is one of the most common symptoms people experience. If your nose is bleeding heavily and it doesn’t stop then it’s critical to get immediate medical attention.
In fact, as many of us know from experience a nose doesn’t have to be broken in order for it to bleed. If a strong force contacts it the same result can happen. Still, the condition is much more likely if you suffer a broken nose.
2. Food Allergies
When we think about food allergy symptoms we tend to think of ones like rashes and hives. However, food allergies including dairy products are linked to nosebleeds. Usually, the nosebleeds only last for a couple of minutes. If they last for 10+ minutes then it’s time to contact your doctor.
3. Weak blood vessels
There’s another factor that affects nose bleeds. The small blood vessels in the area between the nostrils are super fragile. This makes it quite easy for the blood vessels to break and then cause the nose to bleed.
Various types of infections can cause infections in parts of the nose including the lining.
In most cases, nosebleeds stop within a short time. The time to go to the doctor is if the bleeding is long-lasting, heavy, or doesn’t stop after using first aid. In some cases, it could be the sign that something serious is wrong.
How to Stop a Nosebleed
If you experience a nosebleed, you can take various steps to stop it. You’ll need to sit down and firmly pinch the nose’s soft part a little above the nostrils. Hold it for 10 to 15 minutes.
In many situations following these steps will cause your nose to stop bleeding. After the bleeding stops make sure don’t blow or even touch your nose since it could cause it to begin bleeding again.
What if it does start bleeding? Just blow your honker gently to clear it of any blood clots. A good idea is to spray a decongestant into each nostril.
Next, lean forward and use your mouth to breathe. This makes sure the blood is drained into the nose rather than down the back of the throat. Not only does that taste nasty but it’s not the healthiest thing to do.
Then you’ll need to prepare a pack/bag of frozen veggies that you’ve covered using a towel. Place it on the bridge of the nose. During this process make sure you sit upright and don’t lie down. This helps to lower the blood pressure of the nose’s blood vessels and prevents bleeding. Those are both good things!
There’s one X-factor that can help to stop a nosebleed stop sooner. Make sure to stay calm and don’t start getting nervous. In fact, if you do that it can actually cause the nose to bleed more and that’s something you’ll want to avoid.
When should you consider calling a doctor? There are some red flags that the nosebleed could be a sign of something more serious. Here are some warning signs:
- The nose is bleeding so badly it’s difficult to breathe
- The person has a bleeding order or is taking a blood thinner
- First Aid treatments don’t stop the bleeding within 10 minutes
- The nose bleed is caused by a serious injury to head or face
How to Prevent Nosebleeds
While nosebleeds usually aren’t too serious, you can still take various steps to help prevent them from starting in the first place. Here are some of the most effective steps you can take:
1. Buy a humidifier
The air in your home or office might be very dry. A humidifier can help to add moisture to the air and help to prevent your nose from bleeding.
2. Use cold or allergy meds less often
These medications can dry out the nose. There’s more! They can also make nosebleeds worse or even cause them to start. As always talk to your doctor about whether or not you should stop taking certain medications.
3. Keep the inside of your nose moist
A dry nose is one of the many causes of nosebleeds. You can use a cotton swab to add a little antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly to the nostrils. Make sure to take this step 3x a day including right before bedtime.
Another option is to spray a saline nasal product into the nostrils. This is another way to prevent them from drying out.
4. Don’t blow or rub your nose too hard
If you have to do either of those things just make sure to do it gently. Also, if you must clean out your nose make sure to use a tissue or handkerchief instead of using your finger.
5. Stop smoking
This is strictly about preventing nose bleeds. Smoking cigarettes or cigars can dry out and irritate the nostrils.
As with other conditions, it’s impossible to prevent 100% of nosebleeds. That said, if you take the above mentioned steps you can minimize your chance of getting them. As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure. In the case, you do get a nosebleed you now know how to stop a nosebleed.