What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a condition in which your whole body aches. Find out more about this condition in this article.


Suddenly felt ache all over your body? You might have fibromyalgia. What is this nightmare then? Fibromyalgia is a condition in which there is a musculoskeletal pain all over your body with mood, memory, fatigue, and sleep issues.

The main victims of this condition are women, those who are ages 30 to 50, children and elderly. Studies even claim that 1 out of 20 people can get this disorder. But how can you get this ailment? What are its other symptoms? Continue reading to find out.

Fibromyalgia Symptoms

The first sign of this sickness is a pain. You will feel severe pain in your body for at least three months. The pain will be felt both sides of your body up to your waist. Aside from feeling pain around your body, you will also feel the following:

  • Cognitive difficulties

This makes it hard for you to focus on certain things. This will also give you difficulty in paying attention and doing your daily tasks.

  • Fatigue

Usually, you will feel this when you wake up tired even if you have slept for a long time. You will also feel sleep disorders, sleep apnea, and restless legs.

  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Sensitivity to pain
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Muscle stiffing
  • Difficulty in mental processing
  • Headaches

If you do have all these signs, immediately call your doctor. Do not wait for the condition to get worse before you get treated.

Fibromyalgia Causes

There is no exact cause of this condition yet. Although some studies have shown that it could be because of the chemicals in your brain that can result in the development of pain in your whole body. But there are also other causes including the following:

  •         Heredity
  •         Stress
  •         Emotional problems
  •         Infection
  •         Injury
  •         Death of a loved one
  •         Giving birth
  •         After an operation
  •         Breakdown of an important relationship

The common risk factors of this ailment are your sex, family history, and other disorders. If you think you have other ailments such as lupus, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis immediately go to your doctor.

Fibromyalgia Diagnostics

After knowing the signs of this condition, you need to get a diagnostic to confirm if you really do have the ailment. In the olden times, the doctor would manually press other parts of your body to see which ones are painful. But now, the doctor no longer have to do that to know that you have fibromyalgia.

All you have to do now is undergo blood tests. These will include thyroid function tests, blood count, rheumatoid factor, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and cyclic citrullinated peptide test.

Fibromyalgia Treatment

On a brighter note, fibromyalgia can be treated. All you have to do is take the needed medications and take care of yourself. These will focus on improving your health and lessening your symptoms. Here are some of the medicines that you can take:

  1. Anti-seizure drugs

If you prefer to take anti-seizure drugs, you should buy the ones used by people with epilepsy. This is because anti-seizure drugs are the best relievers of pain. You can have Neurontin and Lyrica.

  1. Pain relievers

If you no longer cannot bear the pain, you can buy pain relievers including naproxen sodium, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen. Do not worry if your doctor will recommend you to take other medicines aside from those that are mentioned. Still, follow what the doctor prescribed at all times.

  1. Antidepressants

Surprisingly, even antidepressants can help in this condition. Some of the best examples of these are Milnacipran and Duloxetine. The doctor might also suggest that you take amitriptyline.

You can also have therapy to reduce the condition. You can do these:

  1. Counseling

Since stress can be the main cause of fibromyalgia, you can talk with a counselor to avoid getting stressed. You can also vent out all those feelings inside of you to keep it calm.

  1. Physical therapy

You can also have a physical therapist who can teach you different exercises that can help improve your stamina, strength, and flexibility. You can focus on water-based exercises for better results.

  1. Occupational therapy

This can help in removing stress in your body especially those that have an effect on your daily life. You can also make the necessary adjustments in your work area if you feel that it is the one causing you stress.

Always remember that it is best that you seek the approval of your doctor first before doing any of those therapies. This is to make sure that you are doing the right treatment for your body.

Fibromyalgia Prevention

There is also a way for you to prevent having this condition. The number one way to avoid getting fibromyalgia is to take care of yourself. Other ways are the following:

  1. Get enough sleep

Since fatigue is one of the main causes of fibromyalgia, you need to make sure that you get enough sleep every day. You can have at least 8 hours of rest daily and practice a good sleeping habit to give you a relaxing time.

  1. Eliminate stress

Stress is inevitable. You can get stressed from work, friends, and sometimes even family. But there is a way for you to avoid it. All you need to do is keep a calm atmosphere. If work is making you so stressed than you should, quit. Do not risk your mental health for something that will not benefit you later on.

  1. Have a healthy lifestyle

To do this, you need to keep eating healthy foods and do something that you love. You can also avoid too much caffeine in your system.

  1. Exercise

Exercising might increase the pain in your body. But after a while, the pain you are feeling will lessen if you maintain your workout. You can do water aerobics, biking, swimming, and walking.

Asking help from a physical therapist to follow a good routine. Other exercises that you can do are relaxation, stretching, and good posture.

  1. Pace yourself

Only do things that your body can hold. If you do more than what your body can do, expect that you will experience more stress.


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